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Migration Management in Mexico and Central America: New MPI Report Examines Policy and Trends
Date: 23/10/2012 - 10:35
In New Approaches to Migration Management in Mexico and Central America, senior researchers Francisco Alba and Manuel Ángel Castillo of El Colegio de México trace the history of migration trends and policy in Mexico and Central America, and examine Mexico’s new immigration law and implementation challenges.
The 2011 law strives to respect the human rights of migrants, facilitate the international movement of people, meet the country’s labor needs, ensure equality between Mexican natives and immigrants to Mexico, recognize the acquired rights of long-term immigrants, promote family unity and sociocultural integration, and facilitate the return and reintegration of Mexican emigrants.
While passage of the law already has reduced bilateral tensions with Central American governments and has granted Mexico new moral authority when advocating on behalf of migrant rights in the United States, the authors note that the law’s ultimate success will turn on policy implementation. They also make the case that while the Ley de Migración may work as an expression of foreign policy, the law appears poorly equipped to address Mexico’s long-term migration challenges and competitiveness.
This report is the latest research from the Regional Migration Study Group, a partnership between MPI and the Latin American Program/Mexico Institute of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. The Study Group, co-chaired by former Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo, former US Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez, and former Guatemalan Vice President Eduardo Stein, is a high-level initiative that in 2013 will propose new collaborative approaches to migration, competitiveness, and human-capital development for the United States, Central America, and Mexico.
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